Co-operative Education Tax Credit
The Co-operative Education Tax Credit (CETC) is a refundable tax credit available to employers who hire students enrolled in a recognized Ontario university or college co-operative education program.The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) administers the program on behalf of Ontario through the federal income tax system.
An eligible employer may claim a refundable tax credit for each qualifying work placement ending in the taxation year. The 2009 Ontario Budget introduced enhancements to the CETC for expenditures incurred after March 26, 2009. The CETCreimburses employers 25 per cent of eligible expenditures. Smaller businesses are eligible for a higher credit rate of 30 per cent. The maximum credit for each qualifying work placement is $3,000. Most work placements are for a minimum employment period of 10 weeks up to a maximum of four months. Eligible expenditures made by a business in respect of a qualifying work placement are:
- salaries and wages including taxable benefits paid or payable to the student in respect of the qualifying work placement at an Ontario permanent establishment (place of business)
- fees paid or payable to an employment agency in respect of the qualifying work placement for the services of a student carried out primarily at an Ontario place of business.
For expenditures incurred prior to March 27, 2009 the CETC reimburses employers 10 to 15 per cent of eligible expenditures up to a maximum tax credit of $1,000 for each qualifying co-operative education work placement. The enhanced maximum amount of the CETCis pro-rated for taxation years straddling the effective date.
Eligible employers must:
- have a permanent establishment located in Ontario, and
- be subject to Ontario income tax, and
- incur eligible expenditures associated with hiring co-op students enrolled in an Ontario university or college.
Eligible employers must hold a certified document from an eligible educational institution confirming that the employer has provided a placement to a student in respect of a qualifying co-op work placement. Although members of a partnership may share the CETC, limited partners are not entitled to this credit.
Corporations may claim the tax credit on Schedule T2SCH550 of their T2 Corporation Income Tax Return.
Employers operating unincorporated businesses may claim the credit on Form ON479, Ontario Credits, included in their personal income tax return.
Members of partnerships claim their share of the credit on their own corporate or personal tax returns.